PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals
PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE - Trance Metals

PRE-ORDER: ONE KILOGRAM SILICON SPHERE

Regular price $ 1,999.00 Sale price $ 999.00
Unit price  per 

The Silicon sphere is expected to ship in December 2020.

Our Quest for the Perfect Silicon Sphere 

The result of two years' work

In the early 1990's a team of scientists from around the world began a project to redefine the kilogram standard of mass known as the International Avogadro Project. This resulted in the world's roundest object, a perfect sphere of crystalline Silicon. When we saw one of these $3.2 million dollar works of scientific art, we knew we needed to have one!

We wondered: Could we use our expertise in making perfect metallic spheres to create a silicon crystal sphere without spending millions of dollars?

The Trance Silicon Sphere: A Wild two year journey

It all started with this innocent-looking block of silicon. In the following year, we'd be buying a lot of these 100mm crystals.

Step 1: Finding the Right Crystal

We wondered - could we take an off-the-shelf single crystal of silicon and make our own sphere? We have made thousands of metal spheres in the past, but silicon was a metalloid (more below) and needs different tools to shape into a sphere.

The original kilogram prototype sphere was 93.75mm in diameter, but only consisted of silicon-28. A kilogram of silicon-28 goes for about $1.5 million, so we needed  a more reasonable alternative. Our sphere would be off-the-shelf crystalline silicon used in making computer processor chips (thank you computer industry!). These mass-produced crystals have the following distribution of isotopes: 

We had to make some small adjustments

That means if we made the exact same size sphere, it would be heavy by about 0.39%. 

The original sphere was 93.75 mm, with 2.15 x 10^25 atoms. Our sphere would need to be 0.39% smaller, which is 93.38 mm. Since the CNC lathe we wanted to use in the final process is accurate to about 0.01 mm, this is a significant difference in the input code.

We secured several kilograms of 100 mm silicon boule (lab-grown single crystal cylinders) and got to work experimenting!

A Lesson in Stonework

First lesson, this is a LOT tougher to shape than metal. Each metal we've worked with has it's own unique characteristics, but this was a different beast entirely. A metal sphere can be shaped in an hour in some cases. This is what our first attempt looked like after an hour of cutting: 

Ok, this isn't going to be easy...

Since Silicon is a metalloid and has some similar properties to stone, we decided to use some stone-working techniques to get the basic shape.

Eventually, we got a sphere:

We finally got something resembling a sphere

Our first few prototypes make smooth-to-the-touch spheres, but they were quite dull. It took many tries to choose the right cutting blade and get the smoothness right. Choosing the right kind of material for the cutting blade was critical. 

 專案影片縮圖

We initially used stone-polishing processes used for making decorative granite spheres. That gave us the shiny surface we were looking for, but it still didn't rival the finish the scientists were getting with their $3.2 million dollar spheres. We weren't happy yet!

our first prototype that shines! Previous prototypes remained dull until we found the secret sauce for the final polishing step

We altered the process somewhat and increased the polishing time to three days(!). We were definitely getting closer to the desired results:

Our 2nd shiny prototype. Getting better, more luster and closer to what we're looking for.

This series of prototypes was shiny, similar to what you'd find with polished granite. However, it didn't quite meet our standard that we use to judge our metal spheres, so we kept trying to improve the finish.

Finally, a Breakthrough!

After months of struggling to improve the stone polishing process, we had an insight. The scientists who made the original sphere used a lens grinding factory in their final polishing step. We always assumed this would be much too expensive, but after some research we realized it might be the solution we were looking for. 

We found a factory that specializes in making custom lenses for the aerospace industry. They were willing polish one of our prototypes. Everyone was shocked at the result.

After two years of trial and error, we got finally got the results we were looking for!

These look so incredible with a breathtaking luster you have to see to believe. 

Amazingly, this is a solid crystal of 99.9999999% pure Silicon!
After TWO YEARS of experimenting, we finally made one!
 專案影片縮圖

We were able to achieve a sphere that rivals the original luster in a single crystal of silicon. 

Ok, why doesn't it cost $3.2 million like the original?

The original sphere used an extremely rare single-isotope crystal of Silicon-28. The material itself cost $1.5 million, while off-the-shelf silicon crystal are commodity items for the chip-making industry and can be had in the $100's of dollars range. The other huge contributing factor is the accuracy with which the scientists were trying to achieve. 

They literally made the roundest object in the world after weeks of polishing in a lens-maker laboratory. They wanted accuracy of +/- 0.0000002 grams. This is impossible with any off-the-shelf solution and required constant laser measurements. So far, our accuracy is about +/- 5 grams, which isn't useable as a mass standard, but perfectly wondrous as a beautiful heirloom piece.

What is Silicon?

Silicon is a metalloid. It is one of the few elements that are not metals or nonmetals. It has an atomic number of 14. It its crystalline form, it is a dark shiny grey with a luminous undertone. It is also a semiconductor. It is able to act as either a conductor or a non-conductor. This has lead to its widespread use in electronics.

What makes Silicon special?

Silicon makes up about 25% of our natural world. However, it is never found in its pure state. To get pure silicon, it must be carefully refined.

For those of you interested in a more affordable sample of Silicon, we're offering a salvaged shard of pure Silicon in our InvisiDisplay™ case:

A pure Silicon shard salvaged from the production process available for a $49 pledge

Specifications  

  • 99.9999999% pure single-crystal silicon
  • 2.15x10^25 atoms of Silicon
  • 93.75mm diameter
  • 1 Kilogram (+/- 10 grams)

Who is Trance Metals?

Trance Metals is a Texas-based company that specializes in aerospace-grade spheres. Our Copper & Titanium spheres project raised over $500,000 here on Kickstarter! Since 2015, we've produced over 30,000 aerospace polished metal spheres in Copper, Titanium, Tungsten and other metals.  

Trance Metals is the first company in the world to mass-produce mirror quality spheres in Copper and Titanium. We’ve learned just about everything there is to know about manufacturing the highest quality metal spheres.

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